- A01 | Mechanisms of disease modification by early deep brain stimulation in a progressive rodent model of Parkinson’s disease ‘Earlystim-Rat’
- A06 | Central network mechanism of overuse dystonia in genetically-predisposed rodents
- B05 | Gait disturbances in Parkinson’s disease: derangements of network dynamics
Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective treatment for advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD). Clinical outcomes after DBS can be limited by poor programming, which remains a clinically driven, lengthy and iterative process. Electrophysiological recordings in PD patients undergoing STN-DBS have shown an association between STN spectral power in the beta frequency band (beta power) and the severity of clinical symptoms. New commercially-available DBS devices now enable the recording of STN beta oscillations in chronically-implanted PD patients, thereby allowing investigation into the use of beta power as a biomarker for DBS programming.
To determine the potential advantages of beta-guided DBS programming over clinically and image-guided programming in terms of clinical efficacy and programming time.
We conducted a randomized, blinded, three-arm, crossover clinical trial in eight Parkinson’s patients with STN-DBS who were evaluated three months after DBS surgery. We compared clinical efficacy and time required for each DBS programming paradigm, as well as DBS parameters and total energy delivered between the three strategies (beta-, clinically- and image-guided).
All three programming methods showed similar clinical efficacy, but the time needed for programming was significantly shorter for beta- and image-guided programming compared to clinically-guided programming (p < 0.001).
Beta-guided programming may be a useful and more efficient approach to DBS programming in Parkinson’s patients with STN-DBS. It takes significantly less time to program than traditional clinically-based programming, while providing similar symptom control. In addition, it is readily available within the clinical DBS programmer, making it a valuable tool for improving current clinical practice.
Published: Aug 2023