Although subthalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a highly-effective treatment for alleviating motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), clinicians currently lack reliable neurophysiological correlates of clinical outcomes for optimizing DBS parameter settings, which may contribute to treatment inefficacies. One parameter that could aid DBS efficacy is the orientation of current administered, albeit the precise mechanisms underlying optimal contact orientations and associated clinical benefits are not well understood. Herein, 24 PD patients received monopolar stimulation of the left STN during magnetoencephalography and standardized movement protocols to interrogate the directional specificity of STN-DBS current administration on accelerometer metrics of fine hand movements. Our findings demonstrate that optimal contact orientations elicit larger DBS-evoked cortical responses in the ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex, and importantly, are differentially predictive of smoother movement profiles in a contact-dependent manner. Moreover, we summarize traditional evaluations of clinical efficacy (e.g., therapeutic windows, side effects) for a comprehensive review of optimal/non-optimal STN-DBS contact settings. Together, these data suggest that DBS-evoked cortical responses and quantitative movement outcomes may provide clinical insight for characterizing the optimal DBS parameters necessary for alleviating motor symptoms in patients with PD in the future.